Current Status and Characteristics of World Energy Consumption

(1) Gradually increasing world energy consumption
With the continuous increase in the scale of the world economy, rapid economic development and rapid population growth, the world’s primary energy consumption continues to grow.

(2) Developed countries are lower than developing countries
The world’s energy consumption shows different growth patterns, but countries with more developed economies, science and technology and society have entered the post-industrialization stage. The economy has developed toward an industrial structure with low energy consumption and high output, and high energy consumption manufacturing has gradually shifted to developing countries. , And attaches great importance to energy conservation and improvement of energy efficiency. Therefore, its energy consumption growth rate is significantly lower than that of developing countries, and the proportion of consumption in the world’s total consumption is also declining year by year.

(3) Consumption structure tends to be high-quality
Since the industrial revolution, the consumption of fossil fuels has increased dramatically. In the early days, coal was the mainstay. After entering the 20th century, the production and consumption of oil and natural gas continued to rise. Since then, the share of oil and coal has slowly declined, while the share of natural gas has increased. At the same time, other forms of new energy such as nuclear energy, wind energy, hydropower, and geothermal energy are gradually being developed and utilized, forming the current energy structure pattern in which fossil fuels dominate and renewable energy and new energy coexist.

(4) Increased pressure on energy trade and transportation
With the relative depletion of energy resources in some parts of the world, the energy trade volume between regions and countries in the world will further increase, and the demand for energy transportation will increase accordingly. The issues of energy storage and transportation facilities and energy supply security will receive increasing attention.