The pros and cons of photovoltaic power generation and the path to sustainable development. 1 article accurate makes it clear!

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The pros and cons of photovoltaic power generation and the path to sustainable development.

The demand for renewable energy in society is increasing. Photovoltaic power generation, as a clean energy technology, has gradually attracted widespread attention. “Green water and green mountains are gold and silver mountains”, and future energy development must follow the path of sustainable development.

There is a photovoltaic station in our township, located in Lishu Village. The use of photovoltaic power generation can reduce environmental pollution, but while pursuing clean energy, we cannot ignore some problems caused by photovoltaic power generation.

Unstable energy output battery pollution and waste problems

Photovoltaic power generation is affected by weather conditions, such as cloudy days or nights, insufficient light, and reduced power generation efficiency. This makes the energy output of photovoltaic power generation systems relatively unstable, and backup energy is needed as a supplement. Integrating photovoltaic power into the grid requires advanced inverter technology.

The manufacture of photovoltaic cells involves some environmentally harmful materials, and the batteries may cause environmental pollution when they are discarded. An effective battery recycling and reuse system has not yet been fully established, which may lead to the problem of battery waste.

Take my township as an example: Although my township has built a photovoltaic station, daily electricity consumption is still mainly thermal power, and the battery recycling and reuse system needs to be improved.

The storage of photovoltaic power in batteries helps stabilize the energy supply during night hours
The storage of photovoltaic power in batteries helps stabilize the energy supply during night hours

Photovoltaic power possibility of light source pollution

In some areas, excessive light radiation may cause light source pollution to surrounding residents and the ecological environment. This will hurt the normal operation of the night ecosystem and people’s quality of life. Efficient photovoltaic power generation requires optimal panel orientation.

Take my township as an example: Villagers near the Lishu Village photovoltaic station reported that light reflection would affect their normal lives. The subsequent staff adjusted the angle of the solar panels to solve the problem, which undoubtedly increased the workload of power workers.

Uncertainty of economic benefits

Although solar photovoltaic power generation is considered to be the future development direction, its economic benefits may not always be stable in the short term. The problem of high investment and low efficiency has made some areas face economic difficulties when adopting photovoltaic power generation. Take my township as an example: The construction and maintenance costs of the Lishu Village photovoltaic station in Zima Township are relatively high, especially in the initial investment, the manufacturing and installation costs of photovoltaic cells are a huge burden.

Based on the above problems, the following solutions are proposed:

First, strengthen waste treatment and recycling. Strengthen environmental protection measures in the battery production process, and establish a sound battery recycling and reuse system to reduce the negative impact on the environment. The government and enterprises should work together to promote relevant laws and policies to standardize the treatment of battery waste.

Second, control light source pollution. In the design of photovoltaic stations, reasonable optical design should be adopted to control the light radiation range and reduce light source pollution to surrounding residents and the ecological environment.

Third, promote technological innovation and policy support. Reduce the construction cost of photovoltaic stations and improve economic benefits through technological innovation. The government can encourage enterprises to invest in photovoltaic power generation and promote the sustainable development of the clean new energy industry through financial incentives and policy support.

The efficiency of photovoltaic power systems has improved significantly over the past decade
The efficiency of photovoltaic power systems has improved significantly over the past decade